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A show consisting of only one breed, given by a "Specialty Club." Specialty clubs are groups of individuals (breeders, exhibitors, pet enthusiasts, etc.) who share a passion for a specific breed of dogs, and who host events specific to promoting that breed. Specialties usually draw a large entry of dogs, and wins garnered from specialties are very high visibility within the national family of that breed's fanciers.

To cause your dog to stand in a manner that best displays it's virtues. In most breeds, the dog's forelegs are stacked in alignment with their withers, and their rear pasterns are squarely aligned and presented at a 90 degree angle from the floor. There are exceptions by breed i.e. German Shepherd Dogs, etc. One may "Hand stack" their dog by manually placing each foot in it's best position, or else "Free stack" by using a hands free method of using bait, verbal commands, body language, or lead correction to get the dog to stack itself.

The officially recognized written description of an ideal specimen of a specific breed. This is the document judges are tasked to interpret when judging in the breed ring, where dogs are judged as to how well they conform to this written standard of excellence. Original breed standards are written by the national parent clubs of each individual breed, and are then adopted by the Kennel Club of the appropriate county, ie CKC/AKC.

See "Post Sternum"

CD-Companion Dog (AKC/CKC obedience title from the Novice A/B class)

CDX-Companion Dog Excellent (AKC/CKC obedience title from the Open A/B class)

CERF-Canine Eye Registry Foundation (A group of board certified Veterinary Ophthalmologists who maintain a registry of purebred dogs that the ACVO Diplomats (members) examine and have found to be unaffected by major heritable eye disease. CERF also maintains a research data base which consists of information that is generated by all examinations done by ACVO Diplomats. Reports generated from this resource help breeders and ophthalmologists identify trends in eye disease and breed susceptibility. CERF is dedicated to educating the public on matters involving canine eye disease. CERF provides a variety of reports, the CERF newsletter and other eye disease materials to help educate the owner/breeder on heritable eye disease questions, healthy breeding stock, and breed- specific eye problems)

CGC -Canine Good Citizen (AKC certificate (not an official title) indicating that the dog has successfully participated in AKC's CGC test-a casual set of exercises testing the dog's skills and basic obedience)

CH - Champion of Record (CKC/AKC title awarded to dogs who have been awarded at least 10/15 points, including two majors in the breed ring, where their conformation to the written standard of excellence for their breed is judged. See "Champion" definition above)

FD -Flyball Dog title awarded to a dog that competes in flyball and earns 20 points.
  • FDX -Flyball Dog Excellent title award to a dog that competes in flyball and earns 100 points.

    FDCH -Flyball Dog Champion title awarded to a dog that competes in flyball and earns 500 points.
  • NA -Novice Agility (AKC title awarded to dogs who completes 3 legs in AKC novice agility.

    NAC - Novice Agility certificate earned by a dog who completes 3 legs in NADAC novice agility.

    NOBC -Northern Ontario Boxer Club

    OA -Open Agility certificate earned by a dog who completes 3 legs in AKC open agility.

    OFA - Orthopedic Foundation for Animals - A research, diagnostic, and registration organization of veterinary orthopedists whose mission is to organize, collate and disseminate information concerning orthopedic and genetic disease of animals. To advise, encourage control and establish programs to lower the incidence of orthopedic and genetic diseases. To encourage and finance researches in orthopedic and genetic disease in animals. The OFA is a diagnostic service and registry for:

    Hip Dysplasia-canine and feline